Unlike some species (looking at you, pandas) the common hippopotamus can reproduce very well in a zoo environment. Sometimes a little too well, creating the need for hippo birth control. Castration of males is a logical way to go, but until recently castrating a hippo was a lot harder than it sounds, and it already sounds really hard. Hippos are crazy.
Why is it so hard to castrate a hippo, besides the obvious fact that they are giant aggressive killing machines? Two words: hidden testicles.
Hippos can hide their testicles. Yup. What’s more, they can hide them again after you knock them out and start making incisions. The animals can pull their testicles into an area of their front abdominal wall called the inguinal canal. Veterinarians can locate them with ultrasound before surgery, but even under anesthesia the animals can re-relocate their testicles. Hippos really don’t want you to castrate them.
A new technique developed by Dr. Christian Walzer from the Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology of the Vetmeduni Vienna and his team uses intra-surgical ultrasound to make a second search for the testicles possible. Walzer said of his new castration strategy (castrategy, if you will):
We used an adapted version of a castration technique commonly used for horses. In horses location is easier, because they have an external scrotum, but in hippos you cannot really see anything. We had not seen any previous reports of the use of ultrasound for locating the testicles, but this proved essential, because the location of the testes is highly variable and can change from one moment to the next.
It sounds like Walzer and his team were just really determined to get in there and castrate some hippos. It’s important to have goals.
- Testicles have taste receptors that could help with fertility
- The good news, hippos, is that eunuchs live longer
- Aww, look at this little baby pygmy hippo